The $11 billion pipeline, which will double Russian gas exporter Gazprom's capacity via the Baltic Sea, has been met with opposition from the United States, Ukraine, and others concerned about Europe's increasing reliance on Russian energy imports.
The project also allows Russia to avoid piping gas to Europe through Ukraine, denying Kyiv transit fees.
Certification is expected to take up to four months but will not begin until all paperwork, including checks by the German economy ministry and Gazprom, is completed.
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