Al-Sadr is the son of Grand Ayatollah Sayyid Muhammad Muhammad-Sadiq al-Sadr, a Shia dignitary who was politically active against the former leader Saddam Hussein, which he paid with his life in 1999.
After the U.S. toppled Saddam Hussein in 2003, al-Sadr and his supporters opposed the intervention force. His supporters inflicted painful losses on U.S. troops. As a result, al-Sadr became one of the most wanted men in Iraq.
In recent times he has also increasingly turned against Iran's influence. "He does attempt to deviate from Iran's goals in Iraq, yet is influenced by Iran from time to time."
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