Born in the mining town of Klerksdorp in 1931, Tutu's first job was as a teacher, but he quit after the government implemented policies that undermined the education of black students.
Tutu opted for a new career in the church, becoming the first black Anglican bishop of Johannesburg and the Archbishop of Cape Town.
He never stopped fighting for the abolition of racial segregation. He sympathized openly with the goals of Nelson Mandela's party, the African National Congress (ANC), which wanted to build a democratic South Africa undivided by race.
In 1984, Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent efforts against the apartheid regime.
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