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How Gangs Came To Dominate Haiti

The spiral of gang violence sparked by the still-unsolved assassination of President Jovenel Moïse in 2021 has left much of the poverty-stricken Caribbean country on the brink of collapse.

Photo by Heather Suggitt / Unsplash

Haiti has been mired in violence since the 2021 assassination of President Jovenel Moise, with street gangs engaging in kidnappings and murders while taking over large parts of the country.

How Gangs Came To Dominate Haiti

On March 12, Ariel Henry, who leads an interim government, said he would step down amid growing violence and a humanitarian crisis.

Henry is currently stranded in Puerto Rico after being prevented by armed gangs from returning home.

Henry’s resignation, however, seems unlikely to solve Haiti’s decades-long crisis of governance – punctuated by violence, natural disasters, and external interventions, including by the U.S. and UN – which has persisted since an uprising ended the Duvalier dictatorship in 1986.