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July Swoon: Economic Optimism Slips

Americans' economic confidence drops slightly in July.

Lady buying Groceries

The IBD/TIPP Economic Optimism Index, a leading measure of consumer confidence, declined 2.1 points or 3.7% from 56.4 in June to 54.3 in July.

The index's reading of 54.3 keeps it in positive territory for the seventh consecutive month.

The confidence in June is 9.2% below its pre-pandemic level of Feb 2020.

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Iran-Israel Military Strength Compared

Iran-Israel Military Strength Compared

Shadow warfare between Israel and Iran increasingly threatens to spill over into open conflict. Iran avoids state-on-state hostility by pursuing asymmetrical warfare through proxy armies.

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